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Synovial Cysts
[OCOSH Code: D013581 240205003 M71.3 JD_SCY]

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Popliteal Cyst (19)
Internet resources relating to popliteal cysts aka Baker's Cyst. A synovial cyst located in the back of the knee, in the popliteal space arising from the semimembranous bursa or the knee joint.
MeSH Search Term "popliteal cyst"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code M71.2 Synovial cyst of popliteal space [Baker]
SNOMED-CT Term Synovial cyst of popliteal space (disorder) Concept ID: 82675004
Synonyms - Synovial cyst of popliteal space
Baker's cyst
Popliteal cyst
Synovial cyst of popliteal space (disorder)
OCOSH Code: D011151 82675004 M71.2 JD_SCY_PC

Resources

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Symptomatic lumbar intraspinal synovial cyst

Location: http://www.aott.org.tr/index.php/aott/article/viewFile/637/52

Synovial and ganglion cysts, also known as juxta-facet cysts, are intraspinal lesions that may mimic disc herniations and cause radicular symptoms. A 75-year-old male patient presented with a 6-month history of left leg pain and numbness in the foot that increased in severity within the past week. Physical examination showed...
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1999 Giant rheumatoid synovial cyst of the hip joint diagnosed by MRI

Location: http://www.jpgmonline.com/article.asp?issn=0022-3859;year=1999;volume=45;issue=4;spage=118;epage=9;a ...

Synovial cysts are commonly found in the knee joint. Hip Joint is an infrequent site for formation of synovial cysts. The features of a large, synovial cyst on magnetic resonance imaging, occurring in the hip joint, are described.
Giant rheumatoid synovial cyst of the hip joint: diagnosed by MRI. Patkar D, Shah...
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Cystic Lesions about the Knee eMedicine Orthopedics

Location: http://www.emedicine.com/orthoped/topic386.htm

Cysts can occur in many shapes and forms around the knee. A cyst is defined as a closed cavity, or sac, that is lined with epithelium. It can contain liquid or semisolid material, can be normal or abnormal, and can occur in soft tissue or in bone. Benign or malignant...
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Differential diagnosis of calf pain with musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging

Location: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1754738/pdf/v063p00011.pdf

Three cases discussed. Popliteal cyst, Achilles tendon cystic fluid collection resulting from an atraumatic longitudinal Achilles tendon tear and a small tear of the medial head of gastrocnemius or of the plantaris tendon with a small fluid collection.
Differential diagnosis of calf pain with musculoskeletal ultrasound imaging. Kane D, Balint PV, Gibney...
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Giant synovial cyst causing deep venous thrombosis - brief report

Location: http://www.jbjs.org.uk/cgi/reprint/70-B/5/841

A report of a giant synovial cyst complicating a total hip replacement and causing pressure on the femoral artery and vein.
Giant synovial cyst causing deep venous thrombosis: brief report. Van Mourik JB, Josaputra HA, Axler A. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1988 Nov;70(5):841
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Haemorrhagic lumbar synovial cyst A cause of acute radiculopathy

Location: http://www.jbjs.org.uk/cgi/reprint/82-B/4/583

A total of 254 cases of synovial cysts of the spine have been reported in the English literature, but only eight have been associated with haemorrhage. We describe a 55-year-old man with acute radiculopathy resulting from haemorrhage involving a synovial cyst at a lumbar facet joint. Traumatic factors could have...
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Infraspinatus paralysis due to spinoglenoid notch ganglion

Location: http://www.jbjs.org.uk/cgi/reprint/76-B/4/588

We describe five patients, seen since 1984, with posterior shoulder pain and isolated wasting and weakness of the infraspinatus. In four of these a ganglion in the spinoglenoid notch was demonstrated by MRI and in one recent case ultrasound scans were positive. Three patients have been treated by operation, but...
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Knee Cysts and Bursas The Bone School

Location: http://www.boneschool.com.au/lower-limb/knee/other/knee-cysts-bursa

Notes on cysts and bursas around the knee.
Bursae
12 in total according to Last's
- 4 anterior
- 4 lateral
- 4 medial
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Large synovial cysts originating from the sternoclavicular joints in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis

Location: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1754354/pdf/v062p01119.pdf

Synovial cysts in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), most common in the popliteal fossa,1 2 have also been described in proximity to several other rheumatoid joints,3–9 but never the sternoclavicular joints.
Large synovial cysts originating from the sternoclavicular joints in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis. Andonopoulos AP, Meimaris N, Yiannopoulos G, Pastromas V, Dimopoulos P. Ann Rheum Dis....
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Lumbar facet synovial cyst

Location: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1742756/pdf/v079p00419.pdf

A75 year old woman presented to the orthopaedic clinic with low back pain and left leg pain for last three months. The low back pain was of gradual onset and was progressive. The pain was aggravated on walking and standing. On clinical examination the patient was fit and well. She had bilateral free straight leg raise. Femoral nerve stretch...
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Lumbar synovial cysts - experience with nine cases

Location: http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/nmc/48/7/298/_pdf

Nine patients treated surgically for lumbar spinal synovial cyst were reviewed. Four patients had synovial, two had ganglion, one had posterior longitudinal ligament, and two had ligamentum flavum cyst.
Lumbar synovial cysts: experience with nine cases. Ayberk G, Ozveren F, Gök B, Yazgan A, Tosun H, Seçkin Z, Altundal N. Neurol Med Chir...
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Medial meniscal cyst of the knee--an unusual presentation

Location: http://www.josonline.org/PDF/v11i2p224.pdf

We report an unusual case of a large, asymptomatic, medial meniscal cyst of the knee. Medial meniscal cysts are relatively uncommon, are usually symptomatic and in most cases are so small that only magnetic resonance imaging can confirm the diagnosis.
Medial meniscal cyst of the knee--an unusual presentation: a case report. Kurian...
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Mucoid cystic degeneration of the cruciate ligament

Location: http://www.jbjs.org.uk/cgi/reprint/81-B/2/304

A 35-year-old man was seen with pain in the back of the knee. MRI showed a mass in the anterior cruciate ligament. Biopsy indicated mucoid degeneration. Arthroscopic resection of the ligament was carried out, with relief of symptoms.
Mucoid cystic degeneration of the cruciate ligament. Kumar A, Bickerstaff DR, Grimwood JS, Suvarna...
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Multiple extra-articular synovial cyst formation - case report and review of the literature

Location: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1752545/pdf/v057p00169.pdf

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical manifestations and the treatment strategy of a very rare entity of disease manifesting as multiple extra-articular cystic synovitis with recurrent polyarthralgia.
Multiple extra-articular synovial cyst formation: case report and review of the literature. Chen SY, Kamatani N, Kashiwazaki S. Ann Rheum Dis. 1998 Mar;57(3):169-71 full text
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Ruptured 'Baker's-type cyst' of the arm - a case study

Location: http://rheumatology.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/42/5/704

In rheumatoid arthritis, involvement of the tendons and bursae in the shoulder region is a common finding. Rupture of the long head of biceps tendon is classically recognized by the contraction of the belly of the biceps into a prominent lump on active flexion of the elbow, the so-called ‘pop-eye’...
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