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Foot Fractures Frequently Misdiagnosed as Ankle Sprains

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Location: http://www.aafp.org/afp/20020901/785.html

Description: Most ankle injuries are straightforward ligamentous injuries. However, the clinical presentation of subtle fractures can be similar to that of ankle sprains, and these fractures are frequently missed on initial examination. Fractures of the talar dome may be medial or lateral, and they are usually the result of inversion injuries, although medial injuries may be atraumatic. Lateral talar process fractures are characterized by point tenderness over the lateral process. Posterior talar process fractures are often associated with tenderness to deep palpation anterior to the Achilles tendon over the posterolateral talus, and plantar flexion may exacerbate the pain. These fractures can often be managed nonsurgically with nonweight-bearing status and a short leg cast worn for approximately four weeks. Delays in treatment can result in long-term disability and surgery. Computed tomographic scans or magnetic resonance imaging may be required because these fractures are difficult to detect on plain films.
Foot Fractures Frequently Misdiagnosed as Ankle Sprains DANIEL B. JUDD, M.D. and DAVID H. KIM, M.D. Am Fam Physician 2002;66:785-94. Full text

Type: Reference Material
Author/Contact: Judd & Kim
Institution: Am Fam Physician
Primary Subject/Category:

Language: English

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Added: Sat Nov 14 2009