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Septic Arthritis Wikibooks

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Location: http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Diagnostic_Radiology/Musculoskeletal_Imaging/Joint_Disorders/Septic_Art ...

Description: Definition Septic arthritis is a common destructive arthropathy that requires prompt diagnosis and treatment to avoid the significant morbidity that results from the loss of a joint. Therefore, it should be strongly considered in the differential diagnosis of monoarticular disease. Diagnosis Traditionally, the diagnosis of septic arthritis was based on clinical assessment and prompt arthrocentesis. However, the clinical picture may be obscured by multiple confounding factors and a paucity of specific findings especially for the deep joints, ie. the hip or shoulder. Imaging can be used to confirm the diagnosis of septic arthritis and more importantly, imaging findings suggestive of septic arthritis can direct the clinician to a diagnosis that may not have been considered. Radiologic Findings Plain film findings of septic arthritis include: joint effusion, soft tissue swelling, periarticular osteoporosis, loss of joint space, marginal and central erosions and bone ankylosis. CT is more sensitive than plain films for the detection of early bone destruction and effusion. The role of MRI in the diagnosis of septic arthritis has been increasing in recent years in an effort to detect this entity earlier. Findings are usually evident within 24 hours following the onset of infection and include: synovial enhancement, perisynovial edema and joint effusion. Signal abnormalities in the bone marrow can indicate a concomittant osteomyelitis. The sensitivity and specificity of MRI for the detection of septic arthritis has been reported to be 100% and 77% respectively. Diagnostic Radiology/Musculoskeletal Imaging/Joint Disorders/Septic Arthritis From Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection

Type: Reference Material
Author/Contact: Open Authorship
Institution: Wikibooks
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Language: English

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Added: Fri Dec 01 2006
Last Modified: Mon Aug 03 2009