Orthopedics > OCOSH Classification > Complications > Fat Embolism Syndrome > Fat Embolism Diagnosis and Treatment Orthoteers

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Fat Embolism Diagnosis and Treatment Orthoteers

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Location: http://www.orthoteers.com/(S(ns02n455kewzbb45hz0c5t55))/mainpage.aspx?section=27&article=314

Description: Fat embolism syndrome follows long bone fractures. Its classic presentation consists of an asymptomatic interval followed by pulmonary and neurologic manifestations combined with petechial hemorrhages. The syndrome follows a biphasic clinical course. The initial symptoms are probably caused by mechanical occlusion of multiple blood vessels with fat globules that are too large to pass through the capillaries. Unlike other embolic events, the vascular occlusion in fat embolism is often temporary or incomplete since fat globules do not completely obstruct capillary blood flow because of their fluidity and deformability. The late presentation is thought to be a result of hydrolysis of the fat to more irritating free fatty acids which then migrate to other organs via the systemic circulation.
Kirsten Odegard, MD Department of Anesthesiology New York University Medical Center

Type: Reference Material
Author/Contact: Odegard
Institution: Orthoteers
Primary Subject/Category:

Language: English

Submitted by: admin
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Added: Thu Nov 20 2008