Upper Limb Orthotics eMedicine PMR
Upper extremity orthoses are devices applied externally to restore or improve functional and structural characteristics of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems. In general, musculoskeletal problems include those resulting from trauma, sports, and work-related injuries. Upper extremity orthoses also are used frequently on patients who have had neurologic problems, such as stroke, traumatic brain injury (TBI), multiple sclerosis (MS), cerebral palsy (CP), spinal cord injury (SCI), and peripheral nerve injury. They often are used in arthritic conditions as well. The material used in orthotic devices includes low-temperature thermoplastics that can be custom-made for fit and other appropriations. Other materials include casting, metal, strapping, and Velcro. Custom-made upper extremity orthoses may be fabricated by physical, occupational, and hand therapists, as well as orthotists.
Synonyms and related keywords: upper limb orthosis, brace, splint, orthotic device
Author: Ramon S Lansang Jr, MD
Type: Reference Material
Author/Contact: Ramon S Lansang Jr, MD
Submitted by: admin
Added: Mon Mar 31 2008