The earliest report of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) was published in 1888 by Konig, who characterized a loose body formation associated with articular cartilage and subchondral bone fracture. In 1922, Kappis described this process in the ankle joint. On the basis of a review of all literature describing transchondral fractures of the talus, Berndt and Harty developed a classification system for radiographic staging of osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLTs). Their classification system has been the foundation for other systems, yet it remains the most widely used system today.
Synonyms and related keywords: osteochondritis dissecans, OCD, subchondral bone fracture, transchondral talus fractures, osteochondral lesions of the talus, OLT, knee fracture, elbow fracture, ankle fracture, joint disorder, osteochondral autograft transfer system, autologous chondrocyte transplantation, Cheng classification system, Berndt and Harty classification system, Ferkel classification system
Berlet, Hyer, Santrock & Lee 2007