Synonyms and related keywords: spondylosis, neck pain, low back pain, lower back pain, LBP, DDD, degenerative disc disease, back pain, cervical disk pain, thoracic disk pain, lumbar disk pain, spinal degeneration, spinal pain
Authors: Stephen Kishner, MD, Residency Program Director, Professor of Clinical Medicine, Department of Medicine, Section of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Louisiana State University School of Medicine
Edward Babigumira, MD, Interventional Spine and Pain Medicine Fellow, Section of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Louisiana State University;
James Monroe Laborde, MD, MS, Clinical Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine; Consulting Surgeon, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Touro Infirmary
The intervertebral disk is a complex structure that has been the focus of much attention in clinical practice. The prevalence of low back and neck pain, which are thought to be associated with degenerative changes in the disk, represent major epidemiological problems. In the United States, back pain is the second leading symptom that prompts visits to physicians. As many as 80% of adults in the United States experience at least one episode of low back pain during their lifetime, and 5% experience chronic problems.