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Osteogenesis Imperfecta eMedicine
Background: The earliest known case of osteogenesis imperfecta is in a partially mummified infant's skeleton from ancient Egypt now housed in the British Museum in London. In 1835, Lobstein coined the term osteogenesis imperfecta and was one of the first to correctly understand the etiology of the condition. Other names for osteogenesis imperfecta are Lobstein disease, brittle-bone disease, blue-sclera syndrome, and fragile-bone disease.
Osteogenesis imperfecta is one of the most common skeletal dysplasias. It is a generalized disease of connective tissue that may manifest itself with one or more of the following findings: blue sclerae, triangular facies, macrocephaly, hearing loss, defective dentition, barrel chest, scoliosis, limb deformities, fractures, joint laxity, and growth retardation. Additional features, such as constipation and sweating, may also occur. A multidisciplinary approach is required to manage the disease.
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Added: Sun Dec 10 2006