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Maffucci Syndrome eMedicine
Enchondroma with multiple angiomas (Maffucci syndrome) was first reported by Maffucci in 1881 after a 40-year-old woman died from complications following amputation of an arm. The patient had frequent and severe hemorrhage from a vascular tumor for which she was admitted to the hospital. In view of the profuse bleeding, an amputation was performed and the patient died from infection. Maffucci reported a thorough autopsy that described all the main points of the syndrome named after him. In 1941, Carleton et al proposed the eponym Maffucci syndrome.
Maffucci syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that affects both males and females. It is characterized by benign enlargements of cartilage (enchondromas); bone deformities; and dark, irregularly shaped hemangiomas. No racial or sexual predilection is apparent. No familial pattern of inheritance has been shown, but the disease manifests early in life, usually around the age of 4 or 5 years, with 25% of cases being congenital. The disease appears to develop from mesodermal dysplasia early in life. Patients apparently are of average intelligence, and no associated mental or psychiatric abnormalities seem to be present. About 160 cases have been published in the English literature.
Author/Contact: Raymond T Kuwahara, MD, Ron Rasberry, MD
Institution: Not available
Submitted by: admin
Added: Thu Nov 30 2006