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Enchondroma and Enchondromatosis eMedicine

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Description: Enchondroma and Enchondromatosis Last Updated: June 10, 2005 Author: Felix S Chew, MD, EdM, MBA, Professor, Department of Radiology, Vice Chairman for Radiology Informatics, Section Head of Musculoskeletal Radiology, University of Washington Coauthor(s): Catherine Maldjian, MD, Associate Professor, Director, Radiology Research Center, Department of Radiology, Westchester Medical Center Background: Enchondromas are benign cartilaginous neoplasms in bone. The primary significance of enchondroma is related to its complications, most notably pathologic fracture, and a small incidence of malignant transformation, which may be associated with pathologic fracture. Enchondromas are usually solitary benign lesions in intramedullary bone. When multiple enchondromas coexist, the diagnosis of enchondromatosis should be considered. Multiple enchondromas may occur in 3 distinct disorders: Ollier disease is a nonhereditary disorder characterized by multiple enchondromas with a predilection for unilateral distribution. The enchondromas can grow large and be disfiguring. Maffucci syndrome is nonhereditary, is less common than Ollier disease. This syndrome results in multiple hemangiomas in addition to enchondromas. Metachondromatosis consists of multiple enchondromas and osteochondromas, and it is the only 1 of the 3 disorders that is hereditary. Metachondromatosis is inherited by autosomal dominant transmission.

Type: Lecture/Presentation
Author/Contact: Felix S Chew, MD, Catherine Maldjian, MD
Institution: Not available
Primary Subject/Category:

Language: English

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Added: Thu Nov 30 2006