Orthopedics > OCOSH Classification > Bone Diseases > Endocrine Bone Diseases

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Diseases of the bones related to hyperfunction or hypofunction of the endocrine glands.
[OCOSH Code: D001849 362969004 E00-E90 BD_EBD]

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Acromegaly (6)
A condition caused by prolonged exposure to excessive HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE in adults. It is characterized by bony enlargement of the FACE; lower jaw (PROGNATHISM); hands; FEET; HEAD; and THORAX. The most common etiology is a GROWTH HORMONE-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA.
MeSH search term "Acromegaly"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code E22.0 Acromegaly and pituitary gigantism
SNOMED-CT Term Acromegaly (disorder) Concept ID: 74107003
Synonyms - Acromegaly
Growth hormone hypersecretion syndrome
STH hypersecretion syndrome
Marie disease
Anterior pituitary adenoma syndrome
Acromegaly (disorder)
OCOSH Code: D000172 74107003 E22.0 BD_EBD_AM
Congenital Hypothyroidism (4)
A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.
MeSH Search Term "Congenital Hypothyroidism"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code E00 Congenital iodine-deficiency syndrome
SNOMED-CT Term Congenital hypothyroidism (disorder) Concept ID: 190268003
See also Endemic cretinism (disorder) Concept ID: 75065003
OCOSH Code: D003409 190268003 E00 BD_EBD_CHT
Gigantism (7)
Gigantism. Due to excess growth hormone before closure of the epiphyses
MeSH Term "Gigantism"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code E22.0 Acromegaly and pituitary gigantism
SNOMED-CT Term Gigantism (disorder) Concept ID: 80849007
Synonyms - Gigantism
Normal giant
Genetic giant
Primordial giant
Gigantism (disorder)
OCOSH Code: D005877 80849007 E22.0 BD_EBD_GI
Hyperparathyroidism (15)
A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH) triggering responses that increase blood CALCIUM. It is characterized by HYPERCALCEMIA and BONE RESORPTION, eventually leading to bone diseases. PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is caused by parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is increased PTH secretion in response to HYPOCALCEMIA, usually caused by chronic KIDNEY DISEASES.
MeSH Search Term "hyperparathyroidism"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code E21 Hyperparathyroidism and other disorders of parathyroid gland
SNOMED-CT Term Hyperparathyroidism (disorder) Concept ID 66999008
Synonyms - Hyperparathyroidism
HPTH - Hyperparathyroidism
Hyperparathyroidism (disorder)
OCOSH Code: D006961 66999008 E21 BD_EBD_HIPT
Hypoparathyroidism (6)
A condition caused by a deficiency of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH). It is characterized by HYPOCALCEMIA and hyperphosphatemia. Hypocalcemia leads to TETANY. The acquired form is due to removal or injuries to the PARATHYROID GLANDS.
MeSH Search Term "Hypoparathryroidism"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code E20 Hypoparathyroidism
SNOMED-CT Term Hypoparathyroidism (disorder) Concept ID: 36976004
Synonyms - Hypoparathyroidism
Deficiency of parathyroid hormone
Deficiency of parathyrin
Deficiency of PTH
Hypoparathyroidism (disorder)
OCOSH Code: D007011 36976004 E20 BD_EBD_LOPT
Pituitary Dwarfism (1)
Short stature due to lack of normal growth hormone
MeSH Search Term "Dwarfism, Pituitary"[mesh]
ICD-10 Code E23.0 Hypopituitarism
SNOMED-CT Term Pituitary dwarfism (disorder) Concept ID: 367460001
Synonyms - Lorain - Levi dwarfism
Pituitary dwarfism (disorder)
Pituitary dwarfism
Hypopituitary dwarfism
Pituitary nanism
Hyposomatotropic dwarfism
Prepubertal dwarfism
Isolated deficiency of growth hormone in children
Prepuberal dwarfism
OCOSH Code: D004393 367460001 E23.0 BD_EBD_PD


Dwarfism and gigantism in historical picture postcards

Location: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1296707

Abstract A collection of 893 historical picture postcards from 1900 to 1935, depicting dwarfs and giants, was analysed from medical and psychosocial viewpoints. In conditions such as 'bird headed dwarfism', achondroplasia, cretinism, so-called Aztecs or pinheads, Grebe chondrodysplasia, and acromegalic gigantism, the disorder could be diagnosed easily. In hypopituitary dwarfism, exact...

View Details Visit Resource Review It Rate It Bookmark It Added: Thu Nov 16 2006

thyroid acropachy CHORUS

Location: http://chorus.rad.mcw.edu/doc/00535.html

thyroid acropachy
# periosteal reaction
* metacarpals
* long bones of lower limbs
# pretibial myxedema
# exophthalmos

View Details Visit Resource Review It Rate It Bookmark It Added: Thu Jan 31 2002