Orthopedics > OCOSH Classification > Muscular Diseases > Torticollis > Congenital Muscular Torticollis

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Congenital Muscular Torticollis

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Location: http://www.wheelessonline.com/o11/124.htm

Description: - results from fibrosis of sternal head;
- can result from unilateral shortening of sternocleidomastoid, commonly associated with fibrosis of the muscle;
- may also involve the platysma and scalene muscles;
- birth trauma, occlussion of venous flow, or hematoma results in fibrosis of muscle & palpable mass noted w/in first 4 wks of life;
- nontender enlargement may be palpated in body of sternocleidomastoid
- mass usually resolves within the first year of life (90% resolve);
- management should include passive neck stretching
Wheeless' Textbook of Orthopaedics

Type: Reference Material
Author/Contact: C.R.Wheeless
Institution: Duke
Primary Subject/Category:

Language: English

Submitted by: admin
Hits: 1004
Added: Mon Feb 04 2002
Last Modified: Thu Apr 03 2008