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Superficial Heat and Cold eMedicine PMR

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Location: http://www.emedicine.com/pmr/topic201.htm

Description: In contrast to deep heating modalities, superficial heating modalities usually do not heat deep tissues, including muscles, because the subcutaneous layer of fat beneath the skin surface acts as a thermal insulator and inhibits heat transfer. Additionally, increased cutaneous blood flow from superficial heating causes a cooling reaction as it removes the heat that is applied externally. In general, the transfer of heat (whether the purpose is heating or cooling) often is classified into 3 general types of heat transfer (ie, conduction, convection, conversion).
Synonyms and related keywords: superficial heat, superficial cold, ice packs, paraffin baths, cryotherapy, Fluidotherapy, hydrotherapy, moist air therapy, radiant heat therapy
Milton J Klein, DO, MBA 2006

Type: Reference Material
Author/Contact: Milton J Klein, DO, MBA
Institution: eMedicine
Primary Subject/Category:

Language: English

Submitted by: admin
Hits: 1528
Added: Sun Apr 13 2008