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1984 The pathogenesis of idiopathic scoliosis. Biplanar spinal asymmetry
J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1984 Jan;66(1):8-15.
The pathogenesis of idiopathic scoliosis. Biplanar spinal asymmetry.Dickson RA, Lawton JO, Archer IA, Butt WP.
A clinical, cadaveric, biomechanical and radiological investigation of the pathogenesis of idiopathic scoliosis indicates that biplanar asymmetry is the essential lesion. Many normal children have coronal plane asymmetry (an inconsequential lateral curvature of the spine), and certainly all have vertebral body asymmetry in the transverse plane, but when median plane asymmetry (flattening or more usually reversal of the normal thoracic kyphosis at the apex of the scoliosis) is superimposed during growth, a progressive idiopathic scoliosis occurs. Idiopathic kyphoscoliosis cannot and does not exist, from the mildest cases in the community to the most severe cases in pathology museums. Median plane asymmetry is crucial for progression and the lateral profile of the spine must be carefully scrutinised. Increased anterior vertebral height at the apex of the curve with posterior end-plate irregularity characterises the median plane asymmetry and suggests that idiopathic scoliosis is the reverse of Scheuermann's disease
Type: Reference Material
Author/Contact: Dickson et al
Institution: JBJS B
Submitted by: admin
Added: Sat Jul 21 2007