Orthopedic Injuries In The Victims Of The Earthquake Of Bam
Objective: To determine the prevalence of the various orthopedic injuries in the earthquake victims of Bam on 26/12/2003 referred to the emergency rooms of the hospitals of the Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Material and methods: It was an observational, descriptive case series study and the data collection was via observation and interview. All of the victims of the earthquake of Bam referred directly from the site of earthquake to the emergency rooms of the hospitals of the Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and were entered to this study on a census basis. The prevalence of various orthopedic injuries including fractures, dislocations and soft tissue injury were determined by clinical examination, X-ray and CT scan when necessary.
Results: The victims' age ranged from 1.5 to 80 years, with a mean of 30.2 years. 76.9% of the victims suffered from one or more sort of orthopedic injuries. 9.6% had solely soft tissue injury and 57.6% had fracture or dislocation without any soft tissue injury. Also 9.6% of the victims suffered from both bone fracture and soft tissue injury. The most common injuries were: pelvic fracture (25%), lower leg fractures (18.2%), and compartment syndrome (12.5%).
Conclusion: Since a remarkable percentage of the earthquake victims suffered from a kind of orthopedic injury, particularly pelvic and lower leg fractures and also compartment syndrome, special attention has to be focused on dealing with these injuries in future similar catastrophes.
Gholamhossein Kazemian, Mansour Azarbal, Mohammad Enami, Hossein Khatibi, Adel Ebrahimpour, Touraj Shafaghi, Hossein Ettehad, Dariush Adybeik: Orthopedic Injuries In The Victims Of The Earthquake Of Bam . The Internet Journal of Orthopedic Surgery. 2004. Volume 2 Number 1.
Author/Contact: Gholamhossein Kazemian et al
Institution: Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
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Added: Mon Jan 01 2007