Orthopedics > OCOSH Classification > Foot Deformities > Congenital Foot Deformities > Intoeing > Hip rotation degrees, intoeing problem, and sitting habits in nursery school children

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Hip rotation degrees, intoeing problem, and sitting habits in nursery school children

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Location: http://www.aott.org.tr/index.php/aott/article/view/2555/862

Description: OBJECTIVES: We investigated hip rotation degrees, frequency of intoeing problems, and sitting habits in nursery school children and the relationship between these parameters. METHODS: The study included 1,134 children (612 boys, 522 girls), aged between three to six years, attending 26 nursery schools in the central area of Afyon. First, informed consent was obtained from the parents and a questionnaire was administered about demographic data and sitting habits of the children. Then, the children were examined in lower underwear. Foot progression angles were determined and progression to midline during walking was evaluated as intoeing. Internal and external rotation degrees of the hips were measured using a goniometer in prone and supine positions. RESULTS: In girls, internal rotation of the hip was nearly 13 degrees greater in the prone position, and 9 degrees greater in the supine position compared to those of the boys. Intoeing was detected in 67 children (5.9%), 76.1% being bilateral. The girl-to-boy ratio was 2.4/1. Intoeing problem originated from the femur in 74.6%, and from the tibia in 25.4%. Compared to normal children, intoeing was associated with a greater internal rotation and a smaller external rotation of the hip. Overall, 36.7% had a crossed-leg sitting habit, and 63.3% had a television sitting habit. The latter was more frequent in intoeing children (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Although hip rotation degrees in our study were similar to those reported in the literature, higher hip internal rotation degrees were found especially in girls. Television sitting which is a frequently preferred position among nursery school children was significantly prevalent in intoeing children.
Altinel L, Köse KC, Aksoy Y, Işik C, Erğan V, Ozdemir A. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2007;41(3):190-4

Type: Reference Material
Author/Contact: Altinel et al
Institution: Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc
Primary Subject/Category:

Language: English

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Added: Wed Aug 05 2009