Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic disease that affects synovial tissue. The disease affects approximately 1% of the population, has a female predominance (female-to-male ratio of 2.5:1), and shows increased incidence with age.1 The clinical course of the disease is variable and ranges from mild, self-limited arthritis to a progressive multisystem disease.
The surgical treatments for RA include synovectomy, tenosynovectomy, tendon realignment, reconstructive surgery or arthroplasty, and arthrodesis. The main goals for surgical treatment of RA are alleviation of pain, improvement of function, retardation of the progression of the disease, and improvement of appearance.
Synonyms and related keywords: rheumatoid arthritis, RA, arthritis, rheumatism, synovial hypertrophy, matrix metalloproteinase, MMP, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, TNF-alpha, TNF-a, interleukin-1, IL-1, synovectomy, tenosynovectomy, tendon realignment, reconstruction surgery, arthroplasty, arthrodesis, tenosynovitis, paratenon, synovium, metacarpophalangeal joint, MP joint, MCP joint, rheumatoid nodule, trigger finger, finger triggering, tendon rupture, swan neck deformity, swan-neck deformity, boutonniere deformity, skier's thumb, gamekeeper's thumb, skiers thumb, gamekeepers thumb, hand deformity, synovial proliferation, synovial inflammation, carpal tunnel release, Vaughn-Jackson lesion, caput ulna syndrome
Neumeister, Nguyen & Wilhelmi 2008