Author: James McCarthy, MD, FAAOS 2005
The term congenital dislocation of the hip dates back to the time of Hippocrates. This condition, also known as hip dysplasia or developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), has been diagnosed and treated for several hundred years. Most notably, Ortolani, an Italian pediatrician in the early 1900s, evaluated, diagnosed, and began treating hip dysplasia (Ortolani, 1976). Galeazzi later reviewed more than 12,000 cases of DDH and reported the association between apparent shortening of the flexed femur and hip dislocation. Since that time, significant progress has been made in the evaluation and treatment of DDH.
Synonyms and related keywords: DDH, developmental dislocation of the hip, congenital dislocation of the hip, CDH, hip dysplasia, hip subluxation, hip dislocation, teratologic hip dislocation, hip instability, displaced hip, dislocated hip
Updated: Sep 23, 2009