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Clinical Approach to Neck Pain

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Description: Diagnosis and Management: John Bland.
The cervical spine is surely the most complicated articular system in the body; there are 37 separate joints whose function it is to carry out the myriad movements of the head and neck in relation to the trunk. The 7 small cervical vertebrae with their ligamentous, capsular, tendinous, and muscle attachments appear poorly designed to protect their contents, compared with the skull above and the thorax below. The contents of this anatomical cylinder interposed between the skull and thorax include carotid and vertebral arteries, the spinal cord and all anterior and posterior nerve roots, and, in its uppermost portion, the brain stem. The extremely flexible cervical spine balances a 4.5-5.5 kg (10-12 pound) "ball," the head, on the lateral masses (zygapophyseal joints) of the atlas. The head acts as a cantilever on top of the highly mobile neck.

Type: Reference Material
Author/Contact: Bland
Institution: Not Available
Primary Subject/Category:

Language: English

Submitted by: admin
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Added: Mon Feb 11 2008