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1988 Allograft versus autograft bone in scoliosis surgery
J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1988 May;70(3):431-4. Links
Allograft versus autograft bone in scoliosis surgery.Dodd CA, Fergusson CM, Freedman L, Houghton GR, Thomas D.
Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, England.
The results of a study of the use of autograft versus allograft bone in the surgery of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis are presented. Two groups of patients, matched for age, sex, level and angle of curve, received bone grafts, 20 patients having autogenous bone from the iliac crest and the other 20 having donor bone from a bone bank. Both groups had otherwise identical posterior fusions and Harrington instrumentation. There was no difference between the two groups in a blind, radiographic assessment of bone graft mass at six months, nor in maintenance of the curve correction over the same period. No major operative complications nor failures of instrumentation were encountered. There was, however, a marked reduction in operative time and blood loss in the patients receiving donor bone and also a much lower incidence of late symptoms relating to the operative sites. We conclude that, even in the presence of adequate iliac crest, the use of bank bone is superior for grafting in idiopathic scoliosis surgery.
Type: Reference Material
Author/Contact: Dodd et al
Institution: JBJS B
Submitted by: admin
Added: Sat Jul 28 2007