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Sarcoma complicating Pagets disease of bone
J Bone Joint Surg Br. 1983 May;65(3):299-307
Sarcoma complicating Paget's disease of bone. A clinicopathological study of 62 cases.Schajowicz F, Santini Araujo E, Berenstein M.
Out of 21 900 cases filed at the Latin-American Registry of Bone Pathology between April 1940 and July 1981, there were 987 with Paget's disease (4.51 per cent); 62 of these (6.28 per cent) were complicated by sarcoma and two were associated with giant-cell tumours of bone (osteoclastoma) without signs of malignancy. There was a slight predominance of men and the ages ranged from 45 to 87 years, with an average of 66 years. The most frequent sites were the femur (23 cases), the humerus (nine), the pelvis (10), and the tibia (nine). The low incidence of vertebral involvement (five cases) is noteworthy and is in sharp contrast to uncomplicated Paget's disease. The most common tumour type was osteosarcoma (39 cases), followed by fibrosarcoma (15 cases); other varieties (chondrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma and reticulum-cell sarcoma) were much rarer. Most of the sarcomata occurred when the Paget's disease was polyostotic. Tumours often developed simultaneously, or at short time intervals, in the same or different bones; these bones had, in all cases, been affected by Paget's disease. The histological features of the osteosarcomata were characteristic, with large numbers of osteoclast giant cells, alternating with atypical osteoblasts, thus exaggerating the anarchic remodelling process of Paget's disease. The neighbouring areas of the pagetic bone showed an increased number of osteoclasts. These facts suggest a possible pathogenetic relationship between sarcoma and Paget's disease; the possibility of both processes having a viral aetiology is discussed.
Author/Contact: Schajowicz et al
Institution: JBJS Br
Submitted by: admin
Added: Sat Jun 30 2007